These definitions of medical terms will help you understand about your condition better, so you can consult with your doctor to choose treatment options that are right for you.
A drug used to relieve pain and fever.
Medications for pain relief.
Pain in one or more joints.
Inflammation of a joint or joints resulting in pain, swelling and stiffness.
Relating to a joint.
Cartilage that covers the articular surfaces of bones.
The hard tissue that provides structural support to the body. It is primarily composed of hydroxyapatite crystals and collagen. Individual bones may be classed as long, short, or flat.
A usually translucent, somewhat elastic, connective tissue, found throughout the body.
A fibrous protein which is a major constituent of connective tissue. Such as skin, tendons, ligaments, cartilage, and bones.
When a treatment or procedure is not advised.
A steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex (the outer portion of the adrenal glands). Administered as drugs, these injections reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response.
Displacement of an organ or any part; specifically disturbance or disarrangement of the normal relation of the bones entering the formation of a joint.
Capacity for producing a desired result or effect.
Any of a group of hormones secreted within the brain and nervous system and having a number of physiological functions. Endorphins activate the body’s receptors, causing an analgesic effect.
A procedure using an endoscope to diagnose a treatment or condition.
True shoulder joint.
The prominent area of the bone at the top of the humerus and is the attachment for two rotator cuff muscles.
The bone of the upper arm or forelimb, forming joints at the shoulder and the elbow.
A mineral of the apatite group that is the main inorganic constituent of tooth enamel and bone.
A localized tissue response initiated by the injury or destruction of vascularized tissues. Inflammation, heat, redness, swelling, and pain that accompany musculoskeletal injuries; occurs when tissue is crushed, stretched, or torn.
The junction or articulation of two or more bones that permits varying degrees of motion between the bones.
The sac that encloses a joint, formed by an outer fibrous capsule and an inner synovial membrane.
A transparent, lubricating fluid secreted by a membrane of an articulation (place of union between two or more joints) or bursa (a saclike body cavity between a tendon and bone).
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
A special imaging technique used to image internal structures of the body particularly the soft tissues.
Minimally Invasive Surgery
Surgery requiring small incision(s), usually performed with endoscopic visualization.
A whitish fiber or bundle of fibers (in the body) that transmits impulses of sensation to the brain or spinal cord, and impulses from these to the muscles and organs.
A non-drug therapy, such as exercise, with therapeutic value.
This kind of arthritis typically begins during middle age or later and is characterized by degenerative (gradual deterioration of joint) and sometimes abnormal growth in the bone and cartilage of one or more joints, and a progressive wearing down of opposing joint surfaces with consequent distortion of joint position. It is marked symptomatically especially by pain, swelling and stiffness; abbreviation (OA).
The treatment consisting of exercising specific parts of the body such as the legs, arms, hands or neck, in an effort to strengthen, regain range of motion, relearn movement and/or rehabilitate the musculoskeletal system to improve function.
The back of the body or situated nearer the back of the body.
Nearest the center of the body.
Restoration, following disease, illness, or injury, of the ability to function in a normal or near-normal manner.
The rotator cuff is made up of four muscles and their tendons. These combine to form a "cuff" over the head of the humerus. The four muscles-the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and teres minor-originate from the scapula and together form a single tendon unit that inserts on the greater tuberosity of the humerus. The rotator cuff helps to lift and rotate the arm and to stabilize the ball of the shoulder within the joint.
Technical term for shoulder blade.
To injure by overuse or improper use.
A lubricating fluid resembling the white of an egg, secreted by certain membranes, as those of the joints; also called joint fluid.
Fibrous bands, one at each end of a muscle, that connect the muscle to bones.
Inflammation of a tendon
TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation)
The stimulation of a nerve by passing electrical currents through the skin.
A collection of similar cells and the intercellular substances surrounding them.