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Lifestyle Risk Factors

  • Low Calcium Intake- Consumption below 300 mg per day (which is equal to one glass of milk) is considered low.
  • Low (or no) Vitamin D in Your Diet- Vitamin D comes from sunlight and foods such as egg yolks, fortified milk and cereals, and some types of fish.
  • High Caffeine Intake- More than two to three cups of caffeinated coffee each day is considered high if you have a low calcium intake.
  • Tobacco Use- This includes current use as well as past use of tobacco.
  • Alcohol Use- More than 7 oz. of alcohol per week can slightly increase the risk of hip fractures.
  • Low Activity- Your activity rate is considered low if you do not walk or exercise regularly.

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